Project Type: Academic (Analytical and Graphical Exploration)
Institution: Woodbury University, School of Architecture
Year: Spring 2015
Case Studies: 
+ Chiesa di San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome.
+ Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza, Rome.
+ Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio, Rome.
+ Temple of Minerva Medica, Rome


These drawings were produced by Maxi and his students at Woodbury on seminars investigating issues of both representational media and generative geometry.

Critic & Curator: Maxi Spina, Associate Professor; and Jose Martinez, TA.
Drawings by: Emily Adler, Samira Aliasgari, Afnan Aljarbou, Joanna Jankowska, Renee Langley and Rodrigo Velasquez Gonzalez.

Circular Logics

Circular Logics is a set of explorations on centrally planned Churches and Temples, their circular constructions and polygonal derivatives. The configuration of these Temples is defined, generally speaking, by a radial construction populated by a number of satellite domes or vaulted chapels escorting, and preparing the way to, a dominating central dome. In contrast to the axiality of the Basilica, centralized temples gain orientation only when considered relative to other geometry surrounding or intersecting it. Analyzing them involves revealing or imposing axes and edges in order to locally delimit and dissect them. These demarcations are carried through the possibilities of a sectional approach, delimiting a metonymic fragment from a whole. Paradoxically, this analytical demarcation unsettles the status of circular constructions as essential, continuous forms, giving way to the manner of their projective manipulation. 
The work approaches these aspects through the primary vehicle of the cut-away axonometric drawing. As a highly technical and objectified form of representation, these axonometric fragments accurately describe the measured space-form, while they produce sectional objects of compelling spatial simultaneity. But they also play a more cunning role: the optically interchangeable axes of axonometric projection -and its resultant rotational space- inexorably yield a spatial interlude of the essential aspects of centralized geometry. These graphic explorations therefore move from the fixed, plan-based rotation of the centralized temple to a contingent condition of free axial rotation of an object in space.